Click here for COVID-19 (coronavirus) advice for people living with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
09 April 2021
COVID-19 Vaccine and Psoriasis
Information about the COVID-19 vaccine(s), psoriasis and immunosuppressant medications.
The COVID-19 vaccine provides the best protection against coronavirus. Three vaccines for COVID-19 have currently been approved for use in the UK: the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine; the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine; and the Moderna vaccine. All three vaccines are now being given to people at sites across the UK.
While this is certainly cause for optimism, it’s completely understandable that people who are taking immunosuppressive drugs for their psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis may have some concerns about whether or not it is safe for them to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.
We’ve put the following information together to try and address some of the concerns you may have. It’s important to note that we are learning more about both COVID-19 itself and the different vaccines that are being developed all the time. We will ensure that this section is updated regularly as further information is released.
Is the COVID-19 vaccine suitable for people with psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis?
Yes, current evidence suggests that the Pfizer/BioNTech, Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna vaccines are all suitable for people who are living with psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis. Therefore, having psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis, or taking prescribed medicines to treat your condition will not affect whether or not you can receive the COVID-19 vaccine, or which vaccine is best for you.
Is a COVID-19 vaccine likely to affect my psoriasis?
There is no evidence to suggest that vaccines are bad for psoriasis (or likely to make it worse, or flare), hence why people are encouraged to have the flu vaccine each year. At this stage, scientists are having to extrapolate data from other vaccines such as the flu vaccine and can see no reason why the COVID-19 vaccine would be any different in terms of flaring/causing psoriasis from, say, the flu vaccine. Systematic reviews have not found evidence that (non-live) vaccines are bad for psoriasis.
Is it safe for people who are taking immunosuppressant medication to receive a COVID-19 vaccine?
Yes, the Pfizer/BioNTech, Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna vaccines are all considered suitable for people who are living with psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis regardless of whether they are receiving drugs that affect the immune system (such as methotrexate and biologic injections, for example) or not.
People who are receiving drugs which affect the immune system are not able to receive live (also known as 'attenuated') vaccines, however the Pfizer/BioNTech, Oxford AstraZeneca and Moderna vaccines are not live vaccines. Non-live vaccines can generally be given safely to people receiving drugs that affect the immune system (such as methotrexate and biologic injections, for example), however further study is required to understand how well the vaccines work in the context of these medications.
For further reassurance on this point, please refer to the British Society for Immunology statement on COVID-19 vaccines for patients who are immunocompromised or immunosuppressed.
Will a COVID-19 vaccine be effective in people who are taking immunosuppressant medication?
It is not yet known whether taking an immunosuppressant (such as methotrexate) or biologic medication reduces the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines. Trials to date have not included people taking drugs that affect the immune system and thus vaccine efficacy in this specific population will need to be established.
However, even a reduced response to the vaccine is better than none, so you are still advised to get vaccinated even if you are taking an immunosuppressant medication.
I have been offered one of the COVID-19 vaccines - should I stop or delay my immunosuppressant or biologic medication?
The British Association of Dermatologists currently does not advise stopping or delaying immunosuppressant or biologic treatment before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine.
There may be situations where your doctor advises reducing or stopping your treatment - for example, if your risk of COVID-19 is high and your psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis is well-controlled and unlikely to flare up. This should be discussed with your doctor on an individual basis. Do not stop any of your treatments without first discussing with your doctor.
I am about to start taking an immunosuppressant or biologic medication for the first time - can I receive the COVID-19 vaccine?
Yes. Your doctor may offer you the COVID-19 vaccination before you start your treatment to give your immune system enough time to respond to the vaccine.
Ideally, the time between receiving your vaccine and starting treatment is at least 2 weeks. Where possible, it is also preferable for the two-dose schedule to be completed before starting treatment, which may mean that the second dose of the vaccine needs to be given at the recommended dosing interval for that particular vaccine (3-4 weeks after the first dose). However, this may not be possible depending on the severity of your psoriasis and the type of immunosuppressant or biologic medication you are about to start taking. Your doctor will discuss this with you.
When will I be offered the COVID-19 vaccine?
The NHS is currently offering the COVID-19 vaccine to people most at risk from coronavirus. The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) has published advice on priority groups for COVID-19 vaccination, which can be found here.
If you are not eligible yet, please wait to be contacted. The NHS will let you know when it's your turn to have the vaccine. It's important not to contact the NHS for a vaccination before then.
Letters are being sent out every week – you might not get your letter straight away.
If I have been shielding, should I continue to shield after I have received the COVID-19 vaccine?
In England and Wales, shielding was paused on 31st March 2021. However, in all nations of the UK there is still specific guidance in place for people who are clinically extremely vulnerable. Current government advice for people who are considered clinically extremely vulnerable to COVID-19 (people in the shielding group) is that, even if you have received both doses of the COVID-19 vaccine, you should continue to follow this guidance to help protect yourself.
Will data be collected on the effect of the COVID-19 vaccines on people with psoriasis?
Registry data such as that from the British Association of Dermatologists Biologics and Immunomodulators Register (BADBIR) and PsoProtect should be collected to inform whether the COVID-19 vaccines either positively or negatively affect psoriasis outcomes. In addition, if you have psoriasis yourself, you can self-report to the PsoProtectMe study (whether you have had COVID-19 or not). If you do experience COVID-19 infection then you can also ask your healthcare professional to report this to the PsoProtect registry.
Finally, if you have received the vaccine, you can report any suspected side effect using the Coronavirus Yellow Card safety scheme.
Information from the British Society for Immunology about the different types of vaccines for COVID-19 and how they work can be found here.
The British Association of Dermatologists has also issued an FAQs document addressing COVID-19 vaccination for immunosuppressed patients, which can be found here.
Specific information on COVID-19 vaccination in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales can be found by following the relevant link below:
For more information relating to COVID-19 and psoriasis, please visit our COVID-19 information hub.
Please note, this content was first posted on Wednesday 2nd December 2020 and last updated on Friday 9th April 2021.